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Difference Between NTFS and FAT32 file Systems

Have you ever wondered that how the files on your computer are stored and manipulated?

The hard disk of your computer only provides you with physical memory for the storage of your files but the real question is how they are handled internally?

The files are managed under some particular file formats or file systems. These file systems vary for different operating systems.

As we all know, Windows is the most widely used Operating System.

And thus, we are here to throw some light on the two basic file system formats in Windows : NTFS and FAT32 file systems.

 

FAT32:

 

  • FAT stands for File Allocation System. FAT32 is an extended version of this file system which denotes that the files are stored in basic units of 32 bits.
  • FAT32 file system can be easily converted into NTFS format.
  • Compression of the file systems is not allowed whatsoever in FAT32.
  • The data of your files is maintained under a ‘file system table’. The FAT32 file system generates two copies of a table for recovery of data in case of any failure or damage.
  • The Local security of the FAT32 file system is not as good as it’s Network security. For the file sharing process, ‘Sharing’ permissions are required for security.
  • FAT32 is compatible with Win 95/98/2K/2K3/XP.
  • Allows maximum partition size of 2TB.
  • Provides maximum file name size of 8.3 characters.
  • Maximum file size allotted is 4GB.

 

 

NTFS:

 

  • NTFS stands for New Technology File System. This file system replaced the FAT file system as the primary file system in Windows Operating System.
  • NTFS is a very secure file system protocol and thus cannot be converted into FAT32 file system. Thus, the only option left with you is to backup your data and then format your disk.
  • NTFS file system is very flexible and provides user with the compression facility. NTFS allows the compression of files and folders into smaller size individually. This prevents the system from slowing down.
  • NTFS maintains the history of all the changes in the disk of the computer. Thus, if any power failure occurs or if the system crashes due to any other reason, the changes made in the system are retained.
  • NTFS is compatible with Win NT/2K/XP/Vista/7.
  • Allows maximum partition size of 2TB.
  • Provides maximum file name size of 255 characters.
  • Maximum file size allotted is 16GB.

So, folks, this was all about the two major file systems used in the Windows Operating System. In this article we provided you all with all  the necessary information which you would require to choose the best system for you.

So, go through these features and also go through the features and compatibility of your Operating System and then go with the one which suits you(and your PC, of course) the best!

 

 

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